Ground Covers Evergreen
Ajuga reptans, also known by the names Ajuga, Carpetbugle, Bugleweed, Carpet
bugleweed and Common bugleweed, is a low growing evergreen perennial that
produces attractive 8-10" spikes bearing purple-blue flowers in late spring. Commonly
used and referred to as a 'groundcover,' Ajuga reptans is most often used to cover
bare places of ground and is dense in its nature of growth. It is originally native to
Europe. With a habit that most often chokes out competing plants and weeds, Ajuga
reptans is excellent in preventing soil erosion.
Ajuga can grow in shade to full sun.
With it’s strong forming abilty, Juniper Procumbens "nana" makes a wonderful
groundcover when it is allowed to hang over a wall, or allowed to cover a slope. This
evergreen perennial groundcover is a prostrate plant, which usually grows between 6”
12” tall and up to 5’ wide. The branches tend to intertwine and form a dense mat. The
bright, bluish-green leaves are arranged in decussate whorls of three.  In the winter
the leaves often take on a slightly purplish color. This species prefers
full to partial
sun
and can tolerate a wide variety of soils and sites.
English ivy "Hedera Helix", has been a traditional groundcover for problematic areas
under trees, where most grasses do not grow well. Their vigorous, it's dense growth
habit makes it an effective groundcover where the object is to crowd out weeds. On
slopes, it can be used for erosion control. Grow in a well-drained soil in
part shade to
full shade.
Euonymus fortunei 'Coloratus' (wintercreeper euonymus) is a dense,
woody-stemmed, broadleaf evergreen plant. It is a trailing ground cover (commonly
called purple wintercreeper euonymus). It typically grows to 6-9" tall and spreads
indefinitely by rooting stems as a sprawling, tangled, bushy mat. It is similar in habit to
English ivy in that it spreads along the ground, rooting as it goes, until it reaches a
vertical surface which it then begins to climb. It features lustrous, ovate to elliptic,
dark green leaves (1-2" long) which turn dark purple in fall and winter. Grow in
average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in
sun to shade.
European ginger "asarum europaeum", produces glossy, evergreen leaves about 3
inches in diameter on 5-inch stalks. They are rounded and kidney-shaped in form. The
brown flowers are almost unnoticeable, being formed at the base of the plant, under
the leaves. Some experts consider it the single best choice for ground cover for
smaller,
shaded spots.
Myrtle "Vinca Minor", is an excellent, weed-smothering, evergreen groundcover with
small, solid dark green leaves. From mid to late spring, lovely lavender-blue flowers
about the size of a nickle appear just above the foliage, creating a tranquil effect.
Additional flowers may appear sporadically in summer and fall. Vinca spreads by
creeping across the ground and rooting at each node that touches the surface. This
makes it an excellent plant to use for erosion control on slopes. Once established, it is
a low-maintenance plant.
Partial sun to light shade.
Pachysandra "Teminalis" is an evergreen ground cover which grows 8-12" high and
spreads by rhizomes to form a dense carpet of rich, dark green foliage. Tiny white
flowers in 1-2" long spikes bloom in early spring. Flowers are not particularly showy,
but on close inspection are quite attractive.  Foliage tends to bleach when grown in
too much sun. Best grown in organically rich, medium moisture, well-drained soil in
part sun to full shade.