| Hardy Orange
Trifoliate Orange (Poncirus trifoliata) is a member of the family Rutaceae, closely related to Citrus, and
sometimes included in that genus, being sufficiently closely related to allow it to be used as a rootstock for
Citrus. It differs from Citrus in having deciduous, compound leaves, and pubescent (downy) fruit. It is
native to northern China and Korea. The fruits are green, ripening to yellow, and 1.5-2" in diameter,
resembling a small orange, but with a finely downy surface. It can grow 8 to 15' in height and 6 to 12' in
width. They are very bitter, not edible fresh, but can be made into marmalade; and when dried and
powdered, they can be used as a condiment. I also have these growing on my property.
| Pawpaw Tree
The Pawpaws are shrubs or small trees, reaching heights of 15 to 30 feet tall. The northern, cold-tolerant
common pawpaw (Asimina triloba) is deciduous. The fruit is a large edible berry, 5 to 16 cm long and 3 to 7
cm broad, weighing from 20 to 500 g, with numerous seeds; it is green when unripe, maturing to yellow or
brown. It has a flavor somewhat similar to both banana and mango, varying significantly by cultivar, and has
more protein than most fruits. The earliest documentation of Pawpaws is in the 1541 report of the de Soto
expedition, who found Native Americans cultivating it east of the Mississippi River. The Lewis and Clark
Expedition depended and sometimes subsisted on Pawpaws during their travels. Chilled pawpaw fruit was
a favorite dessert of George Washington, and Thomas Jefferson was certainly familiar with it as he planted
it at Monticello.
| Hardy Kiwi
A small, green to purple skinned, fruit similar to kiwifruit, hardy kiwifruit is an edible, berry-sized fruit of a
Cultivar Group of the woody vine Actinidia arguta. Often sweeter than the kiwifruit, hardy kiwifruit can be
eaten whole and need not be peeled. Thin-walled, its exterior is smooth and leathery, providing a deceiving
contrast to the fuzzy, brown exterior of its larger sibling fruits. The fast-growing, climbing vine is very hardy
(hence the name), and is capable of surviving slow temperature drops to -32°C (-25°F). The vines need a
frost-free growing season of about 150 days, but are not damaged by late freezes. My vines are in their
second season and I am hoping for fruits this year!
| Issai Hardy Kiwi
Actinidia Arguta "Issai"
Produces enormous yields of
fuzzless fruit without a
pollinator. Fruits have a juicy
texture and tiny seeds like
strawberries. Ready to harvest
in late Sept. Bears in half the
time of other kiwis (by the
second or third year).
| Arctic Beauty Hardy Kiwi
Actinidia Arguta "Arctic Beauty"
Non-Fuzzy, Eat Like Grapes!
You need one female and one
male Arctic Beauty Hardy kiwi
plants for a bountiful crop of
delicious, sweet fruit! Eat these
sweet, delicious, bright green
kiwis just like grapes-the medium
size fruit has smooth skin! May
take 7-10 years for them to bear.
| Michigan State Hardy Kiwi
Actinidia Arguta "Michigan State"
Everything about this new Kiwi is just
a bit better. It's cold-hardier, thriving
in the chilly winters of zone 3 without
damage. Its fruits are much larger,
reaching up to 10 ounces and
boasting an unusually blocky shape
and lime-green color. It is very
productive, guaranteeing you a
harvest of at least 100 pounds each
year. These plants reach 15 to 20 feet
high. Harvest it in fall, beginning just 2
to 4 years after planting.